"Ils étaient là", les Canadiens, partie intégrante du Corps Expéditionnaire Britannique. Durant la période des Derniers 100 Jours (Canad's Last Hundred Days), 8 Aout 1918-11 Novembre 1918, depuis Amiens jusque Mons, un certain nombre d'entre eux ont reçu la Victoria Cross (V.C.), la plus haute distinction accordée aux soldats de l'Empire Britannique.
Elle a été remise 70 fois à un soldat Canadien entre le 23 Avril 1915 et le 1er Novembre 1918, dont 35 pour la seule année 1918 et 30 pour la période des derniers 100 jours, ce qui nous donne idée de l'ardeur des combats de cette dernière période.

        Comme toujours la remise de la Victoria Cross s'accompagne d'une citation qui parait dans la London Gazette, dans un délai moyen d'un à quatre mois après les faits qui l'ont motivée .

         Voici dans l'ordre chronologique les noms des 30 récipiendaires, suivent -dans le même ordre-  les citations parues dans la London Gazette :

 

  NOM Prénoms Date d'obtention Lieu d'obtention
1 CROAK John Bernard 08/08/1918 Amiens
2 GOOD Herman James 08/08/1918 Hangard Wood
3 MINER Harry Garnet Bedford 08/08/1918 Demuin
4 BRERETON Alexander Picton 09/08/1918 Warvillers
5 BRILLANT Jean 09/08/1918 Meharicourt
6 COPPINS Frederick George 09/08/1918 Amiens
7 ZENGEL Raphael Louis 09/08/1918 Amiens
8 TAIT James Edward 11/08/1918 Beaucourt Wood
9 DINESEN Thomas Fasti 12/08/1918 Parvillers
10 SPALL Robert 13/08/1918 Parvillers
11 RUTHERFORD Charles Smith 26/08/1918 Monchy-le-Preux
12 CLARK-KENNEDY William Hew 27/08/1918 Wancourt
13 HUTCHESON Bellenden Seymour 02/09/1918 Cagnicourt
14 KNIGHT Arthur George 02/09/1918 Cagnicourt
15 METCALF William Henry 02/09/1918 Cagnicourt
16 NUNNEY Claude Joseph Patrick 02/09/1918 Vis-en-Artois
17 PECK Cyrus Wesley 02/09/1918 Cagnicourt
18 YOUNG John Francis 02/09/1918 Dury
19 RAYFIELD Walter Leigh 04/09/1918 Cagnicourt
20 KERR George Fraser 27/09/1918 Bourlon Wood
21 LYALL Graham Thomson 27/09/1918 Bourlon Wood
22 HONEY Samuel Lewis 30/09/1918 Bourlon Wood
23 GREGG Milton Fowler 01/10/1918 Cambrai
24 MERRIFIELD William 01/10/1918 Abancourt
25 MACGREGOR John 03/10/1918 Cambrai
26 MITCHELL Coulson Norman 09/10/1918 Cambrai
27 ALGIE Wallace Lloyd 11/10/1918 Cambrai
28 RICKETTS Thomas 14/10/1918 Ledeghem
29 BARKER William George 27/10/1918 Forêt de Mormal
30 CAIRNS Hugh 01/11/1918 Valenciennes

 

 


            Suivre le "chemin des Victoria Cross" permet de se rendre compte de la progression du Corps Expéditionnaire Canadien depuis Amiens (un même lieu ne figurant qu'une fois) :

 


Agrandir le plan

 


His Majesty the KING has been graciously
pleased to approve of the award of the Victoria
Cross to the undermentioned Officers, N.C.O.'s
and Man:

 (à suivre)

     No. 445312 Pte. John Bernard Croak, late Quebec R.

 1

 

     For most conspicuous bravery in attack when having become separated from his section he encountered a machine-gun nest, which he bombed and silenced, taking the gun and crew prisoners. Shortly afterwards he was severely wounded, but refused to desist.
  Having rejoined his platoon, a very strong point, containing several machine guns, was encountered. Private Croak, however, seeing an opportunity, dashed forward alone and was almost immediately followed by the remainder of the platoon in a brilliant charge. He was the first to arrive at the trench line, into which he led his men, capturing three machine guns and bayonetting or capturing the entire garrison.
   The perseverance and valour of this gallant soldier, who was again severely wounded, and died of his wounds, were an inspiring example to all.
 LG #30922 (Sept. 27th, 1918)
 
     No. 445120. Cpl. Herman James Good, Quebec R.

 2

 

     For most conspicuous bravery and leading when in attack his company was held up by heavy fire from three machine guns, which were seriously delaying the advance. Realising the gravity of the situation, this N.C.O. dashed forward alone, killing several of the garrison and capturing the remainder.
   Later on Cpl. Good, while alone, encountered a battery of 5.9-inch guns, which were in action at the time. Collecting three men of his section, he charged the battery under point-blank fire and captured the entire crews of three guns.
 LG #30922 (Sept. 27th, 1918)
 
     No. 823028 Cpl. Harry Garnet Bedford Miner, late Central Ontario R.

 3

 

     For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty in attack, when despite severe wounds he refused to withdraw. He rushed an enemy machine-gun post single-handed, killed the entire crew and turned the gun on the enemy.
   Later, with two others, he attacked, another enemy machine-gun post, and succeeded in putting the gun out of action.
   Cpl. Miner then rushed single-handed an enemy bombing post, bayoneting two of the garrison and putting the remainder to flight. He was mortally wounded in the performance of this gallant deed.
 LG #30975 (Oct. 26th, 1918)
 
     No. 830651 Pte. (A./Cpl.) Alexander
Brereton, Manitoba R.

 4

 

     For most conspicuous bravery during an attack, when a line of hostile machine guns opened fire suddenly on his platoon, which was in an exposed position, and no cover available. This gallant N.C.O. at once appreciated the critical situation and realised that unless something was done at once the platoon would be annihilated. On his own initiative, without a moment's delay, and alone, he sprang forward and reached one of the hostile machine-gun posts, where he shot the man operating the machine gun and bayonetted the next one who attempted to operate it, whereupon nine others surrendered to him.
   Cpl. Brereton's action was a splendid example of resource and bravery, and not only undoubtedly saved many of his comrades' lives, but also inspired his platoon to charge and capture the five remaining posts.
 LG #30922 (Sept. 27th, 1918)
 
     Lt. John Brillant, M.C., late Quebec R.

 5

 

     For most conspicuous bravery and outstanding devotion to duty when in charge of a company which he led in attack during two days with absolute fearlessness and extraordinary ability and initiative, the extent of the advance being twelve miles.
   On the first day of operations shortly after the attack had begun, his company left flank was held up by an enemy machine-gun. Lt. Brilliant rushed and captured the machine gun, personally killing two of the enemy crew. Whilst doing this, he was wounded, but refused to leave his command.
   Later on the same day, his company was held up by heavy machine-gun fire. He reconnoitred the ground personally, organised a party of two platoons and rushed straight for the machine-gun nest. Here 150 enemy and fifteen machine-guns were captured, Lt. Brillant personally killing five of the enemy, and being wounded a second time. He had this wound dressed immediately, and again refused to leave his Company.
   Subsequently this gallant officer detected a field gun firing on his men over open sights. He immediately organised and led a "rushing" party towards the gun. After progressing about 600 yards, he was again seriously wounded. In spite of this third wound, he continued to advance for some 200 yards more, when he fell unconscious from exhaustion and loss of blood.
   Lt. Brillant's wonderful example throughout the day inspired his men with an enthusiasm and dash which largely contributed towards the success of the operations.
 LG #30922 (Sept. 27th, 1918)
 
     No. 1987 Cpl. Frederick George Coppins, Manitoba R.

 6

 

     For conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when, during an attack, his platoon came unexpectedly under fire of numerous machine guns. It was not possible to advance or to retire, and no cover was available. It became apparent that the platoon would be annihilated unless the enemy machine guns were silenced immediately. Cpl. Coppins, without hesitation, and on his own initiative, called on four men to follow him and leapt forward in the face of intense machine-gun fire. With his comrades he rushed straight for the machine guns. The four men with him were killed and Cpl. Coppins wounded. Despite his wounds he reached the hostile machine guns alone, killed the operator of the first gun and three of the crew, and made prisoners of four others, who surrendered.
   Cpl. Coppins, by this act of outstanding valour, was the means of saving many lives of the men of his platoon, and enabled the advance to be continued.
   Despite his wound, this gallant N.C.O. continued with his platoon to the final objective, and only left the line when it had been made secure and when ordered to do so.
 LG #30922 (Sept. 27th, 1918)
 
     No. 424252 Sjt. Raphael Louis Zengel, M.M., Saskatchewan R.

 7

 

     For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when protecting the battalion right flank. He was leading his platoon gallantly forward to the attack, but had not gone far when he realised that a gap had occurred on his flank, and that an enemy machine gun was firing at close range into the advancing line. Grasping the situation, he rushed forward some 200 yards ahead of the platoon, tackled the machine-gun emplacement, killed the officer and operator of the gun, and dispersed the crew. By his boldness and prompt action he undoubtedly saved the lives of many of his comrades.
   Later, when the battalion was held up by very heavy machine-gun fire, he displayed much tactical skill and directed his fire with destructive results. Shortly afterwards he was rendered unconscious for a few minutes by an enemy shell, but on recovering consciousness he at once continued to direct harassing fire on the enemy.
   Sjt. Zengel's work throughout the attack was excellent, and his utter disregard for personal safety, and the confidence he inspired in all ranks, greatly assisted in bringing the attack to a successful end.
 LG #30922 (Sept. 27th, 1918)
 
     Lt. James Edward Tait, M.C., late Manitoba R.

 8

 

     For most conspicuous bravery and initiative in attack. The advance having been checked by intense machine-gun fire, Lt. Tait rallied his company and led it forward with consummate skill and dash under a hail of bullets. A concealed machine-gun, however, continued to cause many casualties. Taking a rifle and bayonet, Lt. Tait dashed forward alone and killed the enemy gunner. Inspired by his example his men rushed the position, capturing twelve machine-guns and twenty prisoners. His valorous action cleared the way for his battalion to advance.
   Later when the enemy counter-attacked our positions under intense artillery bombardment, this gallant officer displayed outstanding courage and leadership, and though mortally wounded by a shell, continued to direct and aid his men until his death.
 LG #30922 (Sept. 27th, 1918)
 
     No. 2075467 Pte. Thomas Dinesen, Quebec R.

 9

 

   For most conspicuous and continuous bravery displayed during ten hours of hand-to-hand fighting, which resulted in the capture of over a mile of strongly garrisoned and stubbornly defended enemy trenches.
   Five times in succession he rushed forward alone, and single-handed put hostile machine guns out of action, accounting for twelve of the enemy with bomb and bayonet. His sustained valour and resourcefulness inspired his comrades at a very critical stage of the action, and were an example to all.
 LG #30975 (Oct. 26th, 1918)
 
     No. 475212 Sjt. Robert Spall, late Eastern Ontario R. (P.P.C.L.I.).

 10

 

     For most conspicuous bravery and self-sacrifice when, during an enemy counter-attack, his platoon was isolated. Thereupon Sjt. Spall took a Lewis gun and, standing on the parapet fired upon the advancing enemy, inflicting very severe casualties. He then came down the trench directing the men into a sap seventy-five yards from the enemy. Picking up another Lewis gun, this gallant N.C.O. again climbed the parapet, and by his fire held up the enemy. It was while holding up the enemy at this point that he was killed.
   Sjt. Spall deliberately gave his life in order to extricate his platoon from a most difficult situation, and it was owing to his bravery that the platoon was saved.
 LG #30975 (Oct. 26th, 1918)
 
     Lt. Charles Smith Rutherford, M.C., M.M., Quebec R.

 11

 

  For most conspicuous bravery, initiative and devotion to duty. When in command, of an assaulting party Lt. Rutherford found himself a considerable distance ahead of his men, and at the same moment observed a fully armed strong enemy party outside a "Pill Box" ahead of him. He beckoned to them with his revolver to come to him, in return they waved to him to come to them. This he boldly did, and informed them that they were prisoners. This fact an enemy officer disputed and invited Lt. Rutherford to enter the "Pill Box," an invitation he discreetly declined. By masterly bluff, however, he persuaded the enemy that they were surrounded, and the whole party of 45, including two officers and three machine guns, surrendered to him.
   Subsequently he induced the enemy officer to stop the fire of an enemy machine-gun close by, and Lt. Rutherford took advantage of the opportunity to hasten the advance of his men to his support.
   Lt. Rutherford then observed that the right, assaulting party was held up by heavy machine-gun fire from another "Pill Box". Indicating an objective to the remainder of his party he attacked the "Pill Box" with a Lewis gun section and captured a further 35 prisoners with machine guns, thus enabling the party to continue their advance.
   The bold and gallant action of this officer contributed very materially to the capture of the main objective and was a wonderful inspiration to all ranks in pressing home the attack on a very strong position. 

 LG #31012 (Nov, 15th, 1918)
 
     Lt.-Col. William Hew Clark-Kennedy,
C.M.G., D.S.O., 24th Bn., Quebec R.

 12

 

   For most conspicuous bravery, initiative and skilful leading on the 27th and 28th August, 1918, when in command of his battalion.
   On the 27th he led his battalion with great bravery and skill from Crow and Aigrette trenches
crow egret trench in front of Wancourt to the attack on the Fresnes-Rouvroy line. From the outset the brigade, of which the 24th Battalion was a central unit, came under very heavy shell and machine-gun fire, suffering many casualties, especially amongst leaders. Units became partially disorganised and the advance was checked. Appreciating the vital importance to the brigade front of a lead by the centre, and undismayed by annihilating fire, Lt.-Col. Clark-Kennedy, by sheer personality and initiative, inspired his men and led them forward. On several occasions he set an outstanding example by leading parties straight at the machine-gun nests which were holding up the advance and overcame these obstacles.
   By controlling the direction of neighbouring units and collecting men who had lost their leaders, he rendered valuable services in strengthening the line, and enabled the whole brigade front to move forward.
   By the afternoon, very largely due to the determined leadership of this officer and disregard for his own life, his battalion, despite heavy losses, had made good the maze of trenches west of Cherisy and Cherisy Village, had crossed the Sensee River bed, and had occupied Occident Trench in front of the heavy wire of the Fresnes-Rouvroy line; under continuous fire he then went up and down his line until far into the night, improving the position, giving wonderful encouragement to his men, and sent back very clear reports.
   On the next day he again showed valorous leadership in the attack on the Fresnes-Rouvroy line and Upton Wood. Though severely wounded soon after the start he refused aid, and dragged himself to a shell hole, from which he could observe. Realising that his exhausted troops could advance no further he established a strong line of defence and thereby prevented the loss of most important ground. Despite intense pain and serious loss of blood he refused to be evacuated for over five hours, by which time he had established the line in a position from which it was possible for the relieving troops to continue the advance.
   It is impossible to overestimate the results achieved by the valour and leadership of this officer.
LG #31067 (Dec. 12th, 1918)
 
     Capt. Bellenden Seymour Hutcheson, Can. A. Med. Corps, attd. 75th Bn., 1st Central Ontario R.
 13
   For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty on September 2nd, when under most intense shell, machine-gun and rifle fire, he went through the Queant-Drocourt Support Line with the battalion. Without hesitation and with utter disregard of personal safety he remained on the field until every wounded man had been attended to. He dressed the wounds of a seriously wounded officer under terrific machine-gun and shell fire, and, with the assistance of prisoners and of his own men, succeeded in evacuating him to safety, despite the fact that the bearer party suffered heavy casualties.
   Immediately afterwards he rushed forward, in full view of the enemy, under heavy machine-gun and rifle fire, to tend a wounded serjeant, and, having placed him in a shell-hole, dressed his wounds. Captain Hutcheson performed many similar gallant acts, and, by his coolness and devotion to duty, many lives were saved.
LG #31067 (Dec. 12th, 1918)
 
     No. 426402 A./Sjt. Arthur George Knight late Alberta R.
 14
     For most conspicuous bravery, initiative, and devotion to duty when, after an unsuccessful attack, Sjt. Knight led a bombing section forward, under very heavy fire of all descriptions, and engaged the enemy at close quarters. Seeing that his party continued to be held up, he dashed forward alone, bayoneting several of the enemy machine-gunners and trench mortar crews, and forcing the remainder to retire in confusion. He then brought forward a Lewis gun and directed his fire on the retreating enemy, inflicting many casualties.
   In the subsequent advance of his platoon in pursuit, Sjt. Knight saw a party of about thirty of the enemy go into a deep tunnel which led off the trench. He again dashed forward alone, and, having killed one officer and two N.C.O.'s, captured twenty other ranks. Subsequently he routed, single-handed, another enemy party which was opposing the advance of his platoon.
   On each occasion he displayed the greatest valour under fire at very close range, and by his example of courage, gallantry, and initiative was a wonderful inspiration to all.
   This very gallant N.C.O. was subse-quently fatally wounded.
 LG #31012 (Nov, 15th, 1918)
 
     No. 22614 L./Cpl. William Henry Metcalf, M.M., Manitoba R.
 15
     For most conspicuous bravery, initiative and devotion to duty in attack, when, the right flank of the battalion being held up, he realised the situation and rushed forward under intense machine-gun fire to a passing Tank on the left. With his signal flag he walked in front of the Tank, directing it along the trench in a perfect hail of bullets and bombs. The machine-gun strong points were overcome, very heavy casualties were inflicted on the enemy, and a very critical situation was relieved.
   Later, although wounded, he continued to advance until ordered to get into a shell hole and have his wounds dressed.
   His valour throughout was of the highest standard.
LG #31012 (Nov, 15th, 1918)
 
     No. 410935 Pte. Claude Joseph Patrick Nunney, D.C.M., M.M., 38th Bn., Eastern Ontario R.
 16
     For most, conspicuous bravery during the operations against the Drocourt-Queant line on the 1st and 2nd September, 1918.
   On 1st September, when his battalion was in the vicinity of Vis-en-Artois, preparatory to the advance, the enemy laid down a heavy barrage and counter-attacked. Pte. Nunney, who was at this time at company headquarters, immediately on his own initiative proceeded through the barrage to the company outpost lines, going from post to post and encouraging the men by his own fearless example. The enemy were repulsed and a critical situation was saved. During the attack on 2nd September his dash continually placed him in advance of his companions, and his fearless example undoubtedly helped greatly to carry the company forward to its objectives.
   He displayed throughout the highest degree of valour until severely wounded.
LG #31067 (Dec. 12th, 1918)
 
     Lt.-Col. Cyrus Wesley Peck, D.S.O., Manitoba R.

 17

 

     For most conspicuous bravery and skillful leading when in attack under intense fire.
   His command quickly captured the first objective, but progress to the further objective was held up by enemy machine-gun fire on his right flank.
   The situation being critical in the extreme, Colonel Peck pushed forward and made a personal reconnaissance under heavy machine-gun and sniping fire, across a stretch of ground which was heavily swept by fire.
   Having reconnoitred the position he returned, reorganised his battalion, and, acting upon the knowledge personally gained; pushed them forward and arranged to protect his  flanks. He then went out under the most intense artillery and machine-gun fire, intercepted the Tanks, gave them the necessary directions, pointing out where they were to make for, and thus pave the way for a Canadian Infantry battalion to push forward. To this battalion he subsequently gave requisite support.
   His magnificent display of courage and fine qualities of leadership enabled the advance to be continued, although always under heavy artillery and machine-gun fire, and contributed largely to the success of the brigade attack.
LG #31012 (Nov, 15th, 1918)
 
     No. 177239 Pte. John Francis Young, 87th Bn., Quebec R.
 18
     For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty in attack at Dury-Arras sector on the 2nd September, 1918, when acting as a stretcher-bearer attached to "D" Company of the 87th Bn., Quebec Kegiment.
   This company in the advance over the ridge suffered heavy casualties from shell and machine-gun fire.
   Pte. Young, in spite of the complete absence of cover, without the least hesitation went out, and in the open fire-swept ground dressed the wounded. Having exhausted his stock of dressings, on more than one occasion he returned, under intense fire, to his company headquarters for a further supply. This work he continued for over an hour, displaying throughout the most absolute fearlessness.
   To his courageous conduct must be ascribed the saving of the lives of many of his comrades.
   Later, when the fire had somewhat slackened, he organised and led stretcher parties to bring in the wounded whom he had dressed.
   All through the operations of 2nd, 3rd, and 4th September Pte. Young continued to show the greatest valour and devotion to duty.
LG #31067 (Dec. 12th, 1918)
 
     No. 2204279 Pte. Walter Leigh Rayfield, 7th Bn., British Columbia R.
 19
   For most conspicuous bravery, devotion to duty, and initiative during the operations east of Arras from 2nd to 4th September, 1918.
   Ahead of his company, he rushed a trench occupied by a large party of the enemy, personally bayoneting two and taking ten prisoners.
   Later, he located and engaged with great skill, under constant rifle fire, an enemy sniper who was causing many casualties. He then rushed the section of trench from which the sniper had been operating, and so demoralised the enemy by his coolness and daring that thirty others surrendered to him.
   Again, regardless of his personal safety, he left cover under heavy machine-gun fire and carried in a badly wounded comrade.
   His indomitable courage, cool foresight, and daring reconnaissance were invaluable to his Company Commander and an inspiration to all ranks.
LG #31067 (Dec. 12th, 1918)
 
     Lt. George Eraser Kerr, M.C., M.M., 3rd Bn., 1st Central Ontario R.

 20

 

   For most conspicuous bravery and leadership during the Bourlon Wood operations on 27th September, 1918, when in command of the left support company in attack.
   He handled his company with great skill, and gave timely support by outflanking a machine-gun which was impeding the advance.
   Later, near the Arras-Cambrai road, the advance was again held up by a strong point. Lt. Kerr, far in advance of his company, rushed this strong point single-handed and captured four machine-guns and thirty-one prisoners.
His valour throughout this engagement was an inspiring example to all.
LG #31108 (Jan. 6th, 1918)
 
     Lt. Graham Thomson Lyall, 102nd Bn., 2nd Central Ontario R.
 21
     For most conspicuous bravery and skilful leading during the operations north of Cambrai.
   On September 27th, 1918, whilst leading his platoon against Bourlon Wood, he rendered invaluable support to the leading company, which was held up by a strong point, which he captured, by a flank movement, together with thirteen prisoners, one field gun and four machine guns.
   Later, his platoon, now much weakened by casualties, was held up by machine guns at the southern end of Bourlon Wood. Collecting any men available, he led them towards the strong point, and springing forward alone, rushed the position single-handed and killed the officer in charge, subsequently capturing at this point forty-five prisoners and five machine guns. Having made good his final objective, with a further capture of forty-seven prisoners, he consolidated his position and thus protected the remainder of the company.
   On October 1st, in the neighbourhood of Blecourt, when in command of a weak company, by skilful dispositions he captured a strongly defended position, which yielded eighty prisoners and seventeen machine guns.
   During two days of operations Lt. Lyall captured in all 3 officers, 182 other ranks, 26 machine guns and one field gun, exclusive of heavy casualties inflicted. He showed throughout the utmost valour and high powers of command.
LG #31067 (Dec. 12th, 1918)
 
     Lt. Samuel Lewis Honey, D.C.M., M.M., late 78th Bn., Manitoba R.

 22

 

   For most conspicuous bravery during the Bourlon Wood operations, 27th September to 2nd October, 1918.
  On 27th September, when his company commander and all other officers of his company had become casualties, Lt. Honey took command and skilfully reorganised under very severe fire. He continued the advance with great dash and gained the objective. Then finding that his company was suffering casualties from enfilade machine-gun fire he located the machine-gun nest and rushed it single-handed, capturing the guns and ten prisoners.
   Subsequently he repelled four enemy counter-attacks and after dark again went out alone, and having located an enemy post, led a party which captured the post and three guns.
   On the 29th September he led his company against a strong enemy position with great, skill and daring and continued in the succeeding days of the battle to display the same high example of valour and self-sacrifice. He died of wounds received during the last day of the attack by his battalion.
LG #31108 (Jan. 6th, 1918)
 
     Lt. Milton Fowler Gregg, M.C., R. Can. Regt., Nova Scotia R.

 23

 

     For most conspicuous bravery and initiative during operations near Cambrai, 27th September to 1st October, 1918.
   On 28th September, when the advance of the brigade was held up by fire from, both flanks and by thick, uncut wire, he crawled forward alone and explored the wire until he found a small gap, through which he subsequently led his men, and forced an entry into the enemy trench. The enemy counter-attacked in force, and, through lack of bombs, the situation became critical. Although wounded, Lt. Gregg returned alone under terrific fire and collected a further supply. Then rejoining his party, which by this time was much reduced in numbers, and, in spite of a second wound, he reorganised his men and led them with the greatest determination against the enemy trenches, which he finally cleared.
   He personally killed or wounded 11 of the enemy and took 25 prisoners, in addition to 12 machine guns captured in this trench. Remaining with his company in spite of wounds, he again on the 30th September led his men in attack until severely wounded. The outstanding valour of this officer saved many casualties and enabled the advance to continue.
LG #31108 (Jan. 6th 1918)
 
     No. 8000 Sjt. William Merrifield, 4th Bn., Central Ontario R.

 24

 

    For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty during the attack near Abancourt on the 1st October, 1918. When his men were held up by an intense fire from two machine-gun emplacements, he attacked them both single-handed. Dashing from shell-hole to shell-hole he killed the occupants of the first post, and, although wounded, continued to attack the second post, and with a bomb killed the occupants. He refused to be evacuated, and led his
platoon until again severely wounded.
  Sjt. Merrifield has served with exceptional distinction on many former occasions, and throughout the action of the 1st October showed the highest qualities of valour and leadership.
LG #31108 (Jan. 6th, 1918)

     T./Capt. John MacGregor, M.C., D.C.M., 2nd C.M.R. Bn., 1st Central Ontario R.

 25

 

     For most conspicuous bravery, leadership and self-sacrificing devotion to duty near Cambrai from 29th September to 3rd October, 1918.
   He led his company under intense fire, and when the advance was checked by machine guns, although wounded, pushed on and located the enemy guns. He then ran forward in broad daylight, in face of heavy fire from all directions, and, with rifle and bayonet, single-handed, put the enemy crews out of action, killing four and taking eight prisoners. His prompt action saved many casualties and enabled the advance to continue.
   After reorganising his command under heavy fire he rendered most useful support to neighbouring troops. When the enemy were showing stubborn resistance, he went along the line regardless of danger, organised the platoons, took command of the leading
waves, and continued the advance. Later, after a personal daylight reconnaissance under heavy fire, he established his company in Neuville St. Remy, thereby greatly assisting the advance into Tilloy. Throughout the operations Capt. MacGregor displayed magnificent bravery and heroic leadership.
LG #31108 (Jan. 6th, 1918)
 
     Capt. Coulson Norman Mitchell, M.C., 4th Bn., Can. Engrs.

 26

     For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty on the night of 8th-9th October, 1918, at the Canal de L'Escaut, north-east of Cambrai.
   He led a small party ahead of the first wave of infantry in order to examine the various bridges on the line of approach and, if possible, to prevent their demolition.
   On reaching the canal he found the bridge already blown up. Under a heavy barrage he crossed to the next bridge, where he cut a number of "lead" wires. Then in total darkness, and unaware of the position or strength of the enemy at the bridgehead, he dashed across the main bridge over the canal. This bridge was found to be heavily charged for demolition, and whilst Capt. Mitchell, assisted by his N.C.O., was cutting the wires, the enemy attempted to rush the bridge in order to blow the charges, whereupon he at once dashed to the assistance of his sentry, who had been wounded, killed three of the enemy, captured 12, and maintained the bridgehead until reinforced.
   Then under heavy fire he continued his task of cutting wires and removing charges, which he well knew might at any moment have been fired by the enemy.
 It was entirely due to his valour and decisive action that this important bridge across the canal was saved from destruction.
LG #31155 (Jan. 31st,1919
 
     Lt. Wallace Lloyd Algie, late 20th Bn., 1st Central Ontario R.

 27

 

   For most conspicuous bravery and self-sacrifice on the 11th October, 1918, northeast of Cambrai, when with attacking troops which came under heavy enfilade machine gun fire from a neighbouring village.
Rushing forward with nine volunteers, he shot the crew of an enemy machine gun, and, turning it on the enemy, enabled his party to reach the village. He then rushed another machine gun, killed the crew, captured an officer and 10 enemy, and thereby cleared the end of the village.
   Lt. Algie, having established his party, went back for reinforcements, but was killed when leading them forward. His valour and personal initiative in the face of intense fire saved many lives and enabled the position to be held.
LG #31155 (Jan. 31st,1919)

     No. 3102 Pte. Thomas Ricketts, 1st Bn., R. Newfoundland R.

 28

 

     For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty on the 14th October, 1918, during the advance from Ledeghem, when the attack was temporarily held up by heavy hostile fire and the platoon to which he belonged suffered severe casualties from the fire of a battery at point-blank range.
   Pte. Ricketts at once volunteered to go forward with his section commander and a Lewis gun to attempt to outflank the battery. Advancing by short rushes under heavy fire from enemy machine guns with the hostile battery, their ammunition was exhausted when still 300 yards from the battery. The enemy, seeing an opportunity to get their field guns away, began to bring up their gun
teams. Pte. Ricketts, at once realising the situation, doubled back 100 yards under the heaviest machine-gun fire, procured further ammunition, and dashed back again to the Lewis gun, and by very accurate fire drove the enemy and the gun teams into a farm.
   His platoon then advanced without casualties, and captured the four field guns, four machine guns, and eight prisoners.
   A fifth field gun was subsequently intercepted by fire and captured.
  By his presence of mind in anticipating the enemy intention and his utter disregard of personal safety, Pte. Ricketts secured the further supply of ammunition which directly resulted in these important captures and undoubtedly saved many lives.
LG #31108 (Jan. 31st, 1918)
 
     Capt. (A./Major) William George Barker, D.S.O., M.C., No. 201 Sqn., R.A. Force.

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     On the morning of the 27th October, 1918, this officer observed an enemy two-seater over the Fôret de Mormal. He attacked this machine, and after a short burst it broke up in the air. At the same time a Fokker biplane attacked him, and he was wounded in the right thigh, but managed, despite this, to shoot down the enemy aeroplane in flames.
   He then found, himself in the middle of a large formation of Fokkers, who attacked him from all directions; and was again severely wounded in the left thigh; but succeeded in driving down two of the enemy in a spin.
He lost consciousness after this, and his machine fell out of control. On recovery he found himself being again attacked heavily by a large formation, and singling out one machine, he deliberately charged and drove it down in flames.
During this fight his left elbow was shattered and he again fainted, and on regaining consciousness he found himself still being attacked, but, notwithstanding that he was now severely wounded in both legs and his left arm shattered, he dived on the nearest machine and shot it down in flames.
Being greatly exhausted, he dived out of the fight to regain our lines, but was met by another formation, which attacked and endeavoured to cut him off, but after a hard fight he succeeded in breaking up this formation and reached our lines, where he crashed on landing.
This combat, in which Major Barker destroyed four enemy machines (three of them in flames), brought his total successes up to fifty enemy machines destroyed, and is a notable example of the exceptional bravery and disregard of danger which this very gallant officer has always displayed throughout his distinguished career.
   Major Barker was awarded the Military Cross on 10th January, 1917; first Bar on 18th July, 1917; the Distinguished Service Order on 18th February, 1918; second Bar to Military Cross on 16th September, 1918; and Bar to Distinguished Service Order on 2nd November, 1918.
 LG #31042 (Nov. 30th, 1918)
 

     No. 472168 Serjt. Hugh Cairns, D.C.M., late 46th Bn., Saskatchewan R.

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     For most conspicuous bravery before Valenciennes on 1st November, 1918, when a machine gun opened on his platoon. Without a moment's hesitation Serjt. Cairns seized a Lewis gun and singlehanded, in the face of direct fire, rushed the post, killed the crew of five, and captured the gun. Later, when the line was held up by machine-gun fire, he again rushed forward, killing 12 enemy and capturing 18 and two guns.
   Subsequently, when the advance was held up by machine guns and field guns, although wounded, he led a small party to outflank them, killing many, forcing about 50 to surrender, and capturing all the guns.
   After consolidation he went with a battle patrol to exploit Marly and forced 60 enemy to surrender. Whilst disarming this party he was severely wounded. Nevertheless, he opened fire and inflicted heavy losses. Finally he was rushed by about 20 enemy and collapsed from weakness and loss of blood.
 Throughout the operation he showed the highest degree of valour, and his leadership greatly contributed to the success of the attack. He died on the 2nd November from wounds.
LG #31155 (Jan. 31st,1919)
 

 

Abstract from "The Story of the Great War" :

Between August 8 and November 11, 1918, the following had been captured:

Prisoners 31,537
Guns (heavy and field) 623
Machine guns 2,842
Trench mortars (heavy and light) 336

Over 500 square miles of territory and 228 cities, towns, and villages had been liberated, including the cities of Cambrai, Denain, Valenciennes, and Mons.